Ch. 1 – The redundant question in verse 5, “To which of the angels did He ever say: You are My Son, today I have begotten you?” calls for an answer: none. Does this mean that the sons of God in Genesis 6 were not angels, as some have postulated? I think that answer is yes, they were not angels. The sons of God, then, must be ‘somebodies’ else, perhaps another race of man who was a fallen human as well. Besides, angels are spirits (verses 7 & 14) created by God to serve Him, not to procreate and fill the earth.
Verse 9 tells what is the opposite of righteousness: lawlessness, or wickedness.
Ch. 4 – In verses 1-13, the words rest and day are used with reference to rest on the seventh day, rest on a certain day, and rest today. Throughout the chapter, the emphasis is on God’s rest, into which pre-Fall image-bearers of God must have entered (or enjoyed, having been created into it). He declared this rest His and holy from the time He finished the works of creation, which was completed from the foundation of the world (v. 3), whenever that was. The Fall, of course, cast and kept the disobedient out of that rest.
With restoration to God through the Blood of Jesus, the obedient, that is, believers, enter His rest which the disobedient were and are not allowed to enter. This rest is eternal. Is this the same rest declared by God and enjoyed by Him and pre-Fall image-bearers on the seventh day? If so, how can this rest be a 24 hour period of time (a day) rather than a rest that was, is, and will be? God: I AM (Exodus 3:14).
When God walked in the cool of the day calling for Adam (Genesis 3:8), was this particular day – and there are certain, designated days according to Hebrews 4:7 – part of the seventh day, the day of rest? If the six days of creation were 24 hour periods of time, would not the seventh day, the day of rest, be a 24 hour period of time, too?
After the seventh day of rest (if it was a fixed period of time), what did God do during the second set of six days leading up to resting again on the second seventh day of rest (if He rested that second time); and what did He do on the third set of six days, resting again on the third seventh day of rest (if He rested again that third time), and so on up until today? How many rests does God have or need (He needs none yet He declares one)? How many designated days of rest does He promise those who obey Him? Which one do we believers enter – the first, second, hundredth, millionth… which one? Perhaps there’s only one, the only day of rest?
Is creation an instant period of time created from the foundation of the world, six 24 hour days, or an exponential period of time? Is God’s rest instant, literally 24 hours, exponential, or eternal?
These questions do not represent my views on creation, the length of a day, God’s rest, or heaven. They do represent my ignorance of the Hebrew, Greek, Aramaic, and any other language of the original manuscripts. I’m being serious here as I seek the eternal ambition of understanding the context of the rest I have entered, and not following the example of the disobedient away from God’s rest (v. 11).
Ch. 5 – Learning discernment means distinguishing between good and evil (v. 14). Fast backward to Deuteronomy 1:39 where the children of the children of Israel had no knowledge of good and evil during the 40 years of the wilderness wandering. As a result, the kids, grown up, were allowed to enter the Promised Land. Is this a holy metaphor for children who are not “of the age of accountability,” thus being allowed to enter the Kingdom of Heaven? Discernment, maturity, and practicing good – or evil – seems be a consideration for those who have no knowledge of good and evil. Let me be clear: This does not downplay, preclude, nor supplant the Cross of Christ and the Gospel. The death (according to the Scriptures), burial, and resurrection (according to the Scriptures, in I Corinthians 15:4) is the Good News of Jesus Christ, and must be believed, and He confessed as Lord, for the receiving of forgiveness of sin and eternal life. But as for children and the “age of accountability,” (or, those not having the knowledge of good and evil) – that is something our merciful and loving Savior massages with His own nail-pierced hands. It is not something we can relegate to the whims of predestinarian ideology.
Ch. 7 – The whole of this chapter talks about “according to the order of Melchizedek.” This priest had “neither beginning of days nor of life, but made like the Son of God” (v. 3). Could Melchizedek be one of the sons of God (Genesis 6), and the only one who remained faithful to God during the fall of all humankind? If so, where does that place him during the Flood? Deep stuff, and since it is not mentioned in the Bible, it is merely dark matter. I just had to bring it up.
Ch. 12 – God disciplines us so that we can, or will, be holy, or: may be partakers of His holiness (v. 10). Without holiness, no one will see the Lord (v. 14).
Ch. 13 – The sacrifices of praise, that is, “the fruit of our lips,” (v. 15) is the confession JESUS IS LORD. This acknowledges, praises, and glorifies His name; and His name represents the “all” of Him.