Ch. 1 – Everything that exists was filtered through the Word of God: Jesus (verses 3 & 10).
Life was not in the molecular makeup of the universe. It was in Jesus (v. 4)
The Light of Jesus cannot be deflected from shining to each and every man. Light cannot be imparted selectively – it is for every man, although not everyone will want it shone upon themselves, nor much less receive it (verses 9+).
Ch. 2 – Where was Joseph, the earthly father of Jesus (verses 1 & 12)? Since Jesus was also invited to the wedding, does this infer that He was now the patriarch of the home because Joseph was gone (having died)?
Jesus, the Second Adam, was the best of human men – the ultimate begotten Man – God’s best given after the first Adam failed (v. 10).
Ch. – 3 – Believers are born of the Holy Spirit (v. 8). We do not know where our spirit comes from nor do we fully understand where our spirit goes (no man has seen heaven, and cannot explain it). Because man has the capacity to begin life (and are so created and sanctioned by God to do so), might we also have the capacity to begin the spirit at the time of life, thus every man who is born of the flesh is born into sin?
Ch. 4 – Why did not Jesus baptize but rather left it up to His disciples to do so (v. 2)?
How did the Samaritan woman know that Jesus was a Jew (v. 9)? Speech? Dialect? Attire? Behavior?
Ch. 5 – To call God “Father” made Jesus equal with God (v. 18). Think of the implications this had between Jesus and His earthly father, Joseph. A son is the equal of his father; or, a man is the equal of the father-figure in his life. It is the duty of men to make boys our equal. How shall we be a father to boys on behalf of the Heavenly Father as He is Father to us?
Points for fathers to consider, from verses 19-23:
- Boys do nothing of themselves – they do what their fathers do.
- Fathers love their sons and show them how to be men.
- Fathers show sons the meaning of life (eternal life).
- Fathers do not judge, but they teach their sons to discern and to apply the Scriptures fearlessly:”God never gives us discernment in order that we may criticize, but that we may intercede… to be keen in sensing the Scriptures which bring the truth straight home and to apply them fearlessly” (Oswald Chambers, My Utmost for His Highest, November 23 & December 20).
- The honor of the father is the honor of the son.
In verses 39, and 46-47, we find Jesus affirming (of course) that which Paul wrote in I Corinthians 15:3-4, that is, that Jesus died for our sins, according to the Scriptures, that He was buried, and that He rose from the dead, according to the Scriptures.
Ch. 6 – Where else did the Jews want to make someone king instead of just believing and obeying God (verses 15 & 29) For that answer, see the story of the choosing of King Saul in the Old Testament.
Was Joseph, the earthly father of Jesus, alive at this time since the people said they knew him (v. 42)? Was this a present knowledge or a memorial statement of a deceased Joseph? And were the Jews talking about Joseph in 8:19 & 27, and now didn’t know where he was, dead or alive?
Whoever believes in Jesus has eternal life and abides in His Word. Period. (verses 47; and 8:31)
Ch. 8 – Who did Satan murder in the beginning (v. 44)?
Ch. 9 – The blind man’s parents “threw him under the bus…” or what!
Ch. 10 – The Jews lied. They wanted to kill Jesus because they didn’t like Him doing the good He did because it flew in the face of the Law. Now, in verses 31-33, they have a new excuse: He said He was God. That’s blasphemy worthy of death!
Verses 34-36 make reference to Gods and sons of gods (or, sons of God?). Who are the sons of God and daughters of men (Genesis 6:1-7)? Does Jesus provide a clue here in verses 34-36?
Ch. 11 – Even the worst things that happen to believers can glorify God (v. 4).
Perhaps the greatest, strongest, statement of faith found in the Scriptures was uttered by Martha in v. 27: Lord, I believe that You are the Christ, the Son of God, who is come into the world. Compare others, like the Ethiopian eunuch and the centurion at the foot of the Cross.
It is the nature of men to be more concerned about their status than their nation (v. 48; and 12:43). Be UNNATURAL MEN, by virtue of the supernatural way of the Savior.
Ch. 12 – Not only were the Jews plotting to kill Jesus, notice that they had Lazarus in their sights, too, because he drew men to Jesus (verses 10-11). Lazarus single-handedly threatened the Jewish leaders – liberals of their day – and their positions in the nation and how they wanted the nation to lean. Lazarus is a great example for Christian men who need to be at the forefront of reducing, reversing, and totally undoing the unchristian liberal agenda in America.
Ch. 14 – Jesus said that the Holy Spirit would cause (or remind) the disciples of everything He said to them (that is, everything He taught them, v. 26). Therefore, we have accurate accounts of the work of Christ because the Holy Spirit brought to the minds of disciples and apostles the very words and actions of Jesus.
Ch. 16 – What does it mean: They will put you out of the synagogue, and he offers God service (verses 1-3)?
Believers have direct access to God, in the name of Jesus (or, through Jesus, v. 23).
Ch. 17 – Twice in this chapter, Jesus mentions pre-creation being with Father God, in verses 5 and 24.
Ch. 19 – From the personal encounter Pilate had with Jesus, what was it about Jesus that caused Pilate to exclaim, unwittingly albeit sarcastically, “Behold the Man!” (v. 5)?
Three Marys were near the Cross: Mary the mother of Jesus, her sister Mary (!), and Mary Magdalene (v. 25).
John (presumably) took Jesus’ mother, Mary, to his home to care for her after Jesus died (v. 27). Does this indicate that Joseph, the earthly father of Jesus, had died by now, and thus was not around to care for her himself?
Do we fully comprehend what it takes to break the leg bones of a man (v. 32)?
Ch. 20 – A couple of things in verses 1-8:
- The falsehood that Jesus’ followers secretly took His body is merely that: false. It is extremely unlikely any of them would have defiled themselves that way, especially on the Sabbath, and a high Sabbath at that, that is, the holy day of the Passover; and this was probably the very reason that John, being the disciple whom Jesus loved, did not enter the tomb. Peter, however, didn’t hesitate to go in as he had nothing to lose by now (see the Law and it’s content about contact or nearness to dead bodies).
- About the Shroud of Turin: another falsehood. The cloth that covered Jesus’ face lay separate from the linen that wrapped His body. I think that the Scripture here was intended to counter any future attempt to prove the death and resurrection of Jesus outside of the true testimony of the Cross and empty grave.